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American Visa Bureau » Information on America » Government
The foundation of the American Government and its purpose, form and structure are outlined in the American Constitution. The Constitution, written in 1787, established a federal system of government whose purpose is to establish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common defence and promote the general welfare of all American citizens.
Governmental power and functions in America are split into 3 branches of government: the executive, judicial and legislative. Each branch operates independently of the others in a "separation of powers", as defined in the Constitution.
The executive branch of the Government is responsible for enforcing the laws of the land.
This branch is composed of:
The federal system of government in America also means power is shared between the national and state (local) governments. The state governments have their own constitutions, although the laws made in individual states cannot conflict with the national Constitution.
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