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Australian State and Territory Government
» Australian Capital Territory
The Australian Capital Territory (ACT) is the capital territory of the Commonwealth of Australia and its smallest self-governing internal territory. It is an inland enclave in New South Wales, situated in bushland. The city of Canberra is Australia's national capital and the seat of government.
With a population of 339,900, the ACT is Australia’s second least populated area, with the capital city of Canberra being the only major populate location. However, it is also the smallest in terms of area by a considerable margin, being only 910 sq miles in size.
Unlike many other Australian territories whose climates are moderated by the sea, the ACT experiences four distinct seasons. This is due to its elevation (650 m) and distance from the coast. However, Canberra is notorious for hot, dry summers, and cold winters with occasional fog and frequent frosts.
Many of the higher mountains in the territory’s south-west are snow-covered for at least part of the winter. Thunderstorms can occur between October and March, and annual rainfall is 623 millimetres, with rainfall highest in spring and summer, and lowest in winter.
As a result of low unemployment and substantial levels of public sector and commercial employment, Canberra has the highest average disposable income of any Australian capital city.
The city's main industry is Australian Government administration and defence, which accounts for over a quarter of Gross Territory Product and employs over 40% of Canberra's workforce.
The major public-sector employers in Canberra include the parliament and government departments such as Department of Defence, Finance, Foreign Affairs and Trade, and Treasury.
In recent years, a growing number of independent software vendors have based themselves in Canberra, to capitalise on the concentration of government customers.
Property and business services, construction, health and community services, and education are other significant contributors to the economy of Canberra.
Skilled workers wishing to emigrate to Australia have a number of Skilled Migration visa categories to which they can apply.
Candidates must meet the Basic Requirements for General Skilled Migration and pass the Australian immigration Points Test to qualify.
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